Sensitivity is a common dental problem that causes pain or discomfort when your mouth encounter either high or low temperatures and takes certain substances. It is usually a sharp and sudden pain though usually temporary. It may cause a discomfort to your mouth when taking a hot cup of tea in the morning or a cold glass of ice water on a hot day.
What causes teeth sensitivity?
Every tooth is usually made up of a dentine and a tissue at its core which is covered the enamel that protects it. You will experience sensations which include pain when the enamel wears away and the dentine gets exposed. Brushing too hard, acid reflux and some acidic foods may damage the enamel and expose the dentine and cause tooth sensitivity.
How to prevent tooth sensitivity and enamel loss
Whenever damage occurs to the enamel, it can never be reversed. The only way to help yourself is to prevent or stop the damage. Here are ways you may use to prevent the damage.
Avoid acidic foods and beverages. You have to avoid the acidic foods and if it is impossible, then you need to rinse you mouth with water after eating such foods then brush your teeth after thirty minutes
You should use a soft-bristled brush and hold it at a 45-degree angle to the teeth to keep the enamel clean and strong. A circular cleaning pattern is most preferred and therefore you may consider using an electric toothbrush as you avoid brushing your teeth too hard as well.
Be sensitive of grinding and clenching. Teeth grinding causes the enamel to wear and therefore if it starts, you need to consult your dentist about wearing a mouth guard and avoid chewing gums as well.
Avoid bleaching. You need to consult your dentist first before you choose to apply the tooth-whitening products which in not only remove stains but also the enamel at times.
Visit your dentist as often as they recommend.
What can I do after damage is done?
You may try hard to prevent tooth sensitivity, but at times it one or more teeth may become sensitive. Sensitivity on the premolars or canines is mostly caused by gum recession. Whenever you experience sensitivity, you first need to consult your dentist for a proper treatment plan. Depending on the situation you are in, choices may include:
Using a fluoride gel- it not only makes the tooth enamel stronger, but also reduces the feeling of sensitivity.
Use of a special toothpaste- there are certain types of toothpaste that block the sensation sensitivity form the nerve when used severally.
Checking for serious dental treatment- Surgical gum graft can be used to treat sensitivity caused by gum recession. A crown can help in a situation where tooth decay is the cause. A root canal is used to treat teeth sensitivity in severe situations.